In his book Flow (1990), Csikszentmihalyi describes an intrinsically rewarding state, called Flow, in which the body and mind are in perfect harmony and a person can fully immerse in a specific task with seemingly inexhaustible energy and focus. Although the pop-psychology audience received Csikszentmihalyi’s work well, the practicality and implementation of Flow remain controversial. Csikszentmihalyi positions Flow as a secret to happiness, which is unsupported and idealistic.

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