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Archive for July, 2005

Before there was Napster

The battle between copyright-holders and pirates is frequently in the news these days, but it has a history just as long as publishing itself. Eighteenth century verse satirist Peter Pindar (the pseudonym of John Wolcot) was particularly troubled by the depredations of pirates, since he had no other income but that which he derived from his poems. Pindar’s poems were a particularly tempting target for pirate printers, since they were short, highly topical lampoons of public personages.

Pindar’s first anti-piracy effort came in 1788 in the form of a notice that “The proprietors of the works of Peter Pindar, Esquire, find themselves obliged, on account of frequent piracies of his productions, to offer ten guineas reward, on the conviction of any offender; the money to be immediately paid by the publisher, and the name or names of the communicating party concealed.” The effectiveness of this bounty at stopping the pirates can be gauged from the fact that by his next publication, it had been raised to twenty guineas. Eight years later, Pindar and his publishers tried a different tactic, having Pindar autograph every copy of his poem One Thousand Seven Hundred and Nintey-Six, no easy task for someone whose works sold in the tens of thousands. In addition, a small engraved portrait of the author was attached to each copy to identify it as geniune, no doubt driving up the expense of production considerably. Of course, as today’s movie studios could tell you, identifying geniune copies only helps if your customers want to avoid the pirated ones.

For much more on the relationship between Peter Pindar, his publishers, and the pirates, see Satire is a Bad Trade by Donald Kerr

Published in:John Overholt |on July 29th, 2005 |Comments Off on Before there was Napster

An inauspicious beginning

James Boswell’s second separate publication is a poem entitled An elegy on the death of an amiable young lady (Edinburgh, 1761), published when he was 21 years old. The poem itself takes up just 6 pages of the 24-page pamphlet, the remainder being occupied by the effusive praise of three “recommendatory letters,” one of which, signed J— B—, was written by Boswell himself! The fulsome praise of the letters is explained by Boswell biographer Frederick Pottle, who writes that Boswell submitted them for publication in an anthology of Scottish poetry, the editor of which, Sir Andrew Erskine “probably thought the verses too bad for printing in the collection, but, as he did not wish to hurt Boswell’s feelings … he suggested they be printed as burlesques.” Boswell apparently found publishing his seriously-intended bad poetry as a parody of bad poetry preferable to no publication at all.

The English Short Title Catalog records only one other U.S.-held copy of this rare pamphlet, in the comprehensive Boswell collection at Yale.

Published in:John Overholt |on July 19th, 2005 |Comments Off on An inauspicious beginning